练习 | VOA慢速:生病时应该坚持锻炼吗

练习 | VOA慢速:生病时应该坚持锻炼吗

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燕山大学 刘立军 编写


TRANSCRIPT

From VOA Learning English, this is the Health & Lifestyle report.

Exercise helps to keep us in good health. Doctors at the American Heart Association suggest getting at least 150 minutes of moderate physical activity every week.

Many people have an exercise routine. They exercise for a few minutes every day or every other day. So, getting those 150 minutes is easier.

But what about those times when you are sick? If you do not feel well, should you keep following your exercise routine? Will physical activity help you to feel better more quickly or will it delay the healing process?

Health experts answer these and other questions on the Mayo Clinic website. The Mayo Clinic is a nonprofit medical center in the United States.

Edward R. Laskowski is a doctor at the clinic. He notes that "mild to moderate physical activity is usually OK if you have a common cold."

Dr. Laskowski and other experts have a general rule of thumb about exercising when you are sick. 

It is usually fine to exercise, he explains, if your symptoms are all "above the neck." These signs may include a runny nose, nasal congestion, sneezing or a minor sore throat.

In fact, Laskowski adds that exercise may make you feel better by "opening your nasal passages." This may temporarily reduce congestion and help you to breathe more easily.

The American health website WebMD offers similar advice.

Geralyn Coopersmith is a physical fitness trainer who has written several books on exercise and nutrition. Coopersmith told WebMD: "The general rule is that if it is just a little sniffle and you take some medications and don't feel so sick, it's OK to work out."

However, both Coopersmith and Dr. Laskowski suggest taking a break from exercising if signs of your illness appear "below the neck." Be on guard for symptoms such as chest congestion, extreme cough or pain in the stomach.

But there are other symptoms that can tell you to avoid exercise. They include: a higher than normal body temperature, a sense of feeling extremely tired, also known as fatigue, and widespread muscle pain.

Coopersmith, the WebMD expert, adds that if you feel tightness in the chest, "it is not advisable to be working out."

Both she and Dr. Laskowski suggest listening to your body. If you feel really badly, take a break and let your body rest. If you don't feel too badly, these experts both suggest cutting back on the intensity of your exercise routine. For example, if you usually run, take a quick walk instead.

Experts at the Mayo Clinic add that a "few days off from exercise when you are sick shouldn't affect your performance."

You can return to your usual intensity when you feel better. However, Dr. Laskowski warns that exercising when you have more than a common cold, could lead to "more-serious injury or illness."

And that's the Health & Lifestyle Report.

I'm Anna Matteo.

Adapted from http://www.kekenet.com/broadcast/201909/593822.shtml

VOCABULARY

1. a rule of thumb n. a practical method of doing or measuring sth., usually based on past experience rather than on exact measurement 实用的估算方法,经验工作法(常依据经验而非准确测量)
2. symptom n. a change in your body or mind that shows that you are not healthy 症状。例如:
flu symptoms流感症状
Look out for symptoms of depression. 留心看有无抑郁症状。
Symptoms include a headache and sore throat. 症状包括头痛和咽喉疼痛。
3. nasal congestion n. 鼻塞
4. fatigue n. (不可数名词) a feeling of being extremely tired, usually because of hard work or exercise 疲劳;劳累。(同义词) exhaustion, tiredness例如:
physical and mental fatigue身体和精神的疲劳
Driver fatigue was to blame for the accident. 这个事故是驾驶员疲劳所致。
I was dropping with fatigue and could not keep my eyes open. 我快要累倒了,眼睛也睁不开了。

QUESTIONS

Listen to the news and choose the best answer to each question you hear.

(Q1) What’s the suggestion of Doctors at the American Heart Association about activity every week?
(A) Getting at least 115 minutes of moderate physical activity every day.
(B) Getting at least 150 minutes of moderate physical activity every day. 
(C) Getting at least 150 minutes of moderate physical activity every week.  
(D) Getting at least 115 minutes of moderate physical activity every week.

(Q2) What’s the Mayo Clinic?
(A) It’s a nonprofit medical center in the United States. 
(B) It’s a nonprofit medical center in the United Nations.
(C) It’s a nonprofit health center in the United States.
(D) It’s a nonprofit health center in the United Nations.

(Q3) What’s Dr. Laskowski and other experts’ general rule of thumb about exercising when you are sick?
(A) It is usually fine to exercise if your symptoms are all "below the waist."
(B) It is usually fine to exercise if your symptoms are all "above the waist."
(C) It is usually fine to exercise if your symptoms are all "below the neck."
(D) It is usually fine to exercise if your symptoms are all "above the neck."

(Q4) Which of the following symptoms that can tell you to avoid exercise?
(A) Fatigue.
(B) A runny nose.
(C) Nasal congestion.
(D) Sneezing.

KEY 

(Q1) C。细节题。命题出处:Doctors at the American Heart Association suggest getting at least 150 minutes of moderate physical activity every week.

(Q2) A。细节题。命题出处:The Mayo Clinic is a nonprofit medical center in the United States.

(Q3) D。细节题。命题出处:Dr. Laskowski and other experts have a general rule of thumb about exercising when you are sick. It is usually fine to exercise, he explains, if your symptoms are all "above the neck." These signs may include a runny nose, nasal congestion, sneezing or a minor sore throat.

(Q4) A。推断题。命题出处:But there are other symptoms that can tell you to avoid exercise. They include: a higher than normal body temperature, a sense of feeling extremely tired, also known as fatigue, and widespread muscle pain.

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  • 时长:4.4分钟
  • 语速:133wpm
  • 来源:刘立军 2019-09-24